Lord Buddha had his disciples after he attained enlightenment. Some included his own cousin and associates. His son Rahula also became his disciple. His chief disciples were Ananda, Mahakasyapa,Subhuti,Katyayana,Sariputra,Maudgalyayana, Purna-Maitryayaniputra,Anuruddha,Upali and Rahula.
Ananda was one pf the Buddha’s first disciples, being his cousin. He became a monk and took care of the Buddha for 25 years. He lived to be 120 years old. Some sutras were complied based on his memory.
Sariputra was one of the chief disciples of Gautama Buddha who was renowned for his teachings. He is an important disciple as per Theravada Buddhism.
Maitryayaniputra was called Purna and was the greatest teacher of the Buddhist thought and law.
Mahakasyapa was the leader of the sangha and complied the Buddha’s sayings. He was a an expert in ascetic training and became the first monk to preach the teachings of Buddha directly.
Subhuti is a monk who appears in sutras who teach Shunyata or emtiness; he knew the power of emptiness and silence.
Maudgalyayana or Moggallana was one of Lord Buddha’s closest disciples. He was known for his psychic powers and was a contemporary of Subhuti,Sariputra and Mahakasyapa.
Katyayana was a disciple of Lord Buddha;he is known as Phra Sangkajai in Thailand and shown as a portly figure.
Anuruddha was a cousin of the Buddha and became a monk along with Ananda; he was a master of clairvoyance.
Upali was barber by profession, but the Buddha did not believe in any class system and took him as his disciple. Upali was a master of Vinaya in Buddhism.
Rahula was the son of the Buddha when he was Prince Siddhartha. He became the first novice-monk or samanera, and Buddha taught him some important principles of life.
Buddha with his first disciples Deer Park, Sarnath,painting, Wat Chedi Liem, Thailand.
CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=844383
Ananda, Fengxian Si, Longmen Grottoes,5th to 12th century,China.
By G41rn8 – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47899674
By Unknown – Unknown, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3579569
Anuruddha,Ananda,Bhagu,Kimbila,Bhaddiya and Devadatta at ordination ceremony of Upali,painting.
By Vihanga SA – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47331919
Great Mahakashyapa Thero, painting.
By Mudithachampika – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45165853
By Vihanga SA – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=47319233
Patacara was a lady disciple of the Buddha,mentioned in the Pali canon. She was an exponent of the vinaya.
Bhikkhuni Patacara, Shwezigon, 11th-early 12th century,Bagan,Myanmar.
By Anandajoti – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=15275331
Kasennen mahakaccana /Katyayana,drawing.
Public Domain, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=13294778
Buddha with Rahula,wall painting.
By myself – Picture of Wallpainting in a Laotian monastery, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=812153
Rahula, Tibetan art, 16th century.
By Unknown – fwEnA27EduKLkw at Google Cultural Institute maximum zoom level, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=21908481
Great Sariputta Thero,painting.
By Mudithachampika – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=45165658
Elder Subhuti, illustration,Vajracchedika Prajnaparamita Sutra.
The picture above is derived from the second chapter, in which Subhuti asked the Buddha how bodhisattvas can achieve enlightenment.
By Jingangjing.jpg: Unknownderivative work: Tengu800 (talk) – Jingangjing.jpg, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=10213078