Vasudhara is the Goddess of wealth in Buddhism. Vasudhara literally means stream of gems. Vasudhara is the Buddhist giver of wealth, similar to the Hindu Goddess Lakshmi.
She is usually depicted seated in lalitasana (royal posture of ease) on a lotus with one foot tucked in towards her and the other hanging at the lotus base but resting on a small treasure.Her right hands make a gesture of generosity and holds a spray of gems. In her left hands she holds a manuscript,the Prajnaparamita-sutra, a sheaf of grain, and a water-pot. She can have two, four or six arms. She is a goddess of fertility and prosperity, and a consort of the wealth-god Jambhala. She is highly revered among the Buddhist Newars of the Kathmandu valley in Nepal.In this region she is a common household deity and it is believed that her worship brings wealth and stability. In Tibetan art she appears more commonly with two arms.
She has been depicted as a beautiful woman in Buddhist art and can be identified as the bodhisattva with the elaborate head-dress and jewellery. Her skin has a golden hue in sculpture and painted images.This colour is related to precious metals and symbolises opulence and fertility. Vashudhara had varied depictions; yellow Vasudhara (solitary) Dharani Tradition, yellow Vasudhara (solitary) Vajrapanjara Tradition, yellow Vasudhara (solitary, standing) Jamari Tradition, yellow cow-herd Vasudhara (solitary, standing), red Manohara Vasudhara (solitary), red Vasudhara (solitary) Sakya tradition, yellow Vasudhara (six hands, solitary) Vasudhara with five deities and Vasudhara with nineteen deities.
Vasudhara, gilded copper sculptrure inlaid with semiprecious stones, 11th century, Nepal,Arthur M. Sackler Gallery,Washingfton,USA.
By Daderot – Own work, CC0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=26697696
When Goddess Vasudhara is two armed and single faced, she has a golden hued body, representing the earth element, Ratnasambhava in her crown, sometimes two eyes or sometimes three eyes which represent perfect awareness, understanding, compassion, wisdom and insight into the past, present and future.
Vasudhara, copper alloy sculpture with gemstones, late 12th-early 13th century,Nepal,LACMA,USA.
Attribution : http://www.flickr.com/photos/mark6mauno
With her three left hands she holds a small treasure-vase, for long life and wealth, a tuft of grain, for abundant harvest and a sacred text to grant wisdom. In her hands, Vasudhara holds a variety of objects attributed to her. Her first right hand makes the gesture of charity or the varada mudra,an another can be seen holding jewelled lotus buds.
Vasudhara,copper alloy sculpture with gemstones ,12th century,Nepal, LACMA,USA.
See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Vasudhara Mandala, 14th century, Nepal.
By Jasaraja Jirili (Sotheby’s) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
Vasudhara, 14th century, Nepal,CSMVS Museum, Mumbai.
By G41rn8 (Own work) [CC BY-SA 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)%5D, via Wikimedia Commons
- Thomas, P/Epics, myths and legends of India, Bombay : D. B. Taraporevala and Sons.
- Fisher,Robert E./Buddhist art and architecture,London : Thames and Hudson,1993.
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